Beautiful images of the Mambilla plateau in Taraba state
Mambilla plateau – plateau
Taraba State in Nigeria. The plateau is the northern extension of the Nigeria Bamenda Highlands in Cameroon.
The Mambilla Plateau has an average elevation of approximately 1,600 meters (5,249 feet) above sea level, making it the highest plateau in Nigeria.  Some of its villages are located on hills that must be at least 1828 meters (5997 feet) above sea level.
Some mountains on and around the plateau are over 2,000 meters (6,562 feet) high, such as
Mount Chappal Waddi (better name: Banda) has an average elevation of about 2,419 meters (7,936 feet) above sea level.
It is the tallest mountain in Nigeria. and the tallest mountain in West Africa apart from the Cameroon mountains, such as Mount Cameroon.
The Mambilla Plateau is approximately 96 km (60 mi) in curved length; it is 40 km (25 mi) wide and bounded by cliffs about 900 m (2,953 ft) high.
The plateau covers an area of over 9,389 square kilometers (3,625 sq mi).  Mount Ganges (“Chappal Waddi”) is located on the north-eastern slope of the plateau.
The Mambilla Plateau, just north of the cradle of Bantu-speaking peoples (Zeitlyn, Connell, 2003; Griffith, 2007; Martin, 2009), has been continuously inhabited by the developing Mambillobantu culture for more than four millennia, located in the southeast of the country. part of Taraba state in Nigeria under the territory of Sardaun local government
(formerly the Mambilla District, created in January 1940, which became known as the Mambilla Local Government of Mambilla County in 1970 and later as the Mambilla Local Government District in 1981).
The current name “Sardauna” is considered unsuitable for this historically famous site in Africa, as the amalgamation of the three local government areas into one, which was a weak basis for the new denomination, has since ceased to exist.
The false premise of a “Sardinian” who “discovers” the area is unacceptable as the entire former province of North Cameroon, based in Mubi, has reverted to using its various real names.
The inhabitants of the Mambilla plateau have an equal right to their ancient and historical identity and to the corresponding name, like all other areas of the defunct province of “Sardauna”.
The name “Mambilla” is derived from the ancient name “Mamberre”, which since ancient times has been used to name the Mambilla plateau and at the same time designates its inhabitants.
The plateau has its southern and eastern slopes along the border with Cameroon, while the remainder of its giant northern escarpment and its western flank lie in Nigeria.
The climate of the plateau is relatively
cold. Daytime temperatures almost never exceed 25 ° C (77.0 ° F), making it the coolest region in Nigeria.
During the day, strong winds prevail, and the rainy season lasts from mid-March to the end of November. AND
Due to its high elevation, the plateau is subject to moderate weather conditions, but on a smaller scale due to its location in a tropical environment.
The rainy season on the Mambilla Plateau is associated with frequent and heavy rainfall due to orographic activity on the plateau, involving humid winds from the South Atlantic Ocean to southern Nigeria and the steep edges and slopes of the plateau.
The Mambilla plateau receives more than 1,850 mm of precipitation per year. It is also free of mosquitoes and tsetse flies.
The Mambilla plateau is hilly, with deep gorges; travelers constantly pass along the sides.
panoramic view from the other.
The plateau is entirely covered with soil with a rare presence of granite.
The plateau is cut with many streams and
rivers; in particular, among them are the Donga and Taraba rivers, both sources of which are on the Mambilla plateau.
Vegetation on the plateau includes low grasses with noticeably missing trees, with the exception of the artificial forest planted by German colonialists during the German administration of Cameroon (circa 1906-1915) and other tree planting programs of the Nigerian government.
The plateau is the only region in Nigeria where tea is grown on a large scale and there are several tea plantations, although this sector remains largely underdeveloped.
It is also home to
Gashaka Gumti National Park, which is the largest national park and protected area in all of Nigeria, and the Majang Forest, officially known as the Ngel Nyaki Forest Reserve, are home to endangered plant and animal species endemic to West and Central Africa. disappearance. square.
Eucalyptus is the dominant tree in these artificial forests due to the fact that eucalyptus adapts easily to the altitude and cool climates of the plateau.
The abundance of low green and lush grasses on the plateau attracted a large number of cattle, the appearance of which, which began during British rule, influenced the vegetation of the plateau.
This has led to overgrazing and widespread erosion on the plateau, and has also created problems among the pastoralists known as
fulanis, and the natives –
The Mambilla Plateau is one of the largest local government areas in the state of Taraba.
The plateau is home to many cities with populations ranging from 2,000 to 20,000, with the exception of Bommi (Gembu), Nigeria | Gembu]]), the ancient vast city of Mambilla with a much higher population.
The latter houses the headquarters of the municipality of Sardaun, which is synonymous with the Mambilla plateau.
Other important towns on the plateau are Liimil (Mbamga), Mwurr (Barbarian), Bang, Mbuk (Tapnia), Ndik (Kabri), Gam (Wakude), Mbar, Kara, Mang, Dembe, Nge (Leme), Mbun (Kakara) … ) (Hosted by Mambilla Beverages Company Ltd, the only tea company in West Africa), Furu (Yermaru), Yirrum, Ngumbun, Kuma, Kerke (Titong), Mbungnu (Nguroje), New Ndaga (Mayo Ndaga), Benene (Maisamari ) and Mamal (Hainare). According to Percival (1938), the Germans came across about 200 villages on the Mambilla plateau, all of which were then of Mambilla origin.
Today, in addition to the towns and villages of Mambilla, there are Kaka Yamba settlements in the southwest along the border with Cameroon, which are believed to have arisen recently (Connell, 1997; Hurault, 1998; SIL ethnologue, 2010) and include Anterre and Inkirri, established by breakaway groups from the Mfumte area in northwest Cameroon, both place names are still in use in the Mfumte area.
Others are Ndum, Varrkaka and their satellites from the Donga-Mantung division of the same region of the Republic of Cameroon.
The main, original and predominant groups of the Mambilla plateau are Fulani fulbe with a 19th century mambilla.
Following the British occupation and thereafter, immigration of other groups, including the Yamba (Kaka) and the Igbo, Wimbum (Kambu), Hausa and Banso trading communities, took place.
The main languages spoken on the Mambilla plateau are Fulfulde (the language of the majority population (used for commercial transactions by various groups), Mambila, Yamba (Kaka), Banso, Igbo, etc.
English is the official language. Note, however, that only Fulani, Mambilla and Kaka have existing villages, while the Fulani established livestock settlements located between these villages in British times.
Christianity and Islam are the main religions today, gradually replacing the traditional Mambilla religion based on Suu, which was the predominant religion before the arrival of Christian missionaries and Hausa Fulani; and especially until the 1970s.
On the plateau is Nigeria and the only tea plantations in the highlands of West Africa, located in the city of Kakara.
The largest nature reserve in Nigeria, the Gashaka / Gumti Nature Reserve, is located north of the Ganges Highlands (Chappal Waddi), right on the northern edge of the Mambilla Plateau.
Ganges Peak is the highest peak in West Africa (excluding the peaks of Cameroon) and has a rich historical and tourist significance, filled with fascinating mythologies and legends about Mambilla.
Chappal Wadi is a misnomer for the ancient peak of the Ganges, whose traditions and historical phenomena span several centuries to the present day (see Bami-Yuno: Jumboni – History of the Mambilla Chiefdom, ms).
A hydroelectric dam is planned to be built on the plateau.
Rich culture with exciting cultural dances on the plateau. Stunning waterfalls dot the Mambilla landscape.