RUSSIAN THREAT. US to deploy nuclear missiles in Europe for the first time since the 1980s
The United States intends to deploy intermediate and shorter-range missiles in Europe, said Pentagon chief Mark Esper. According to him, this step will be a response to the actions of Russia, which already has similar missiles in service.
“China has deployed a large number of missiles, well over a thousand intermediate and shorter-range missiles, in the India-Pacific region. And Russia did so too, and they did it in violation of the INF Treaty (Treaty on the Elimination of Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles), ”said the Expert.
“So we are committed to deploying the same forces in both theaters of war,” he added. It is also planned to develop an anti-missile defense system that would “act against such systems, as well as other systems.”
American medium-range missiles may appear in Europe for the first time since the late 1980s, when Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev signed an agreement to eliminate them at the end of the Cold War.
In 1987, the INF Treaty banned the USSR and the United States from testing and developing missiles with a range of 500 to 5.5 thousand kilometers.
Under its terms, the Soviet Union destroyed 2,500 missiles aimed at European NATO members, the United States removed Pershing-2 missiles from European bases, capable of reaching Moscow in a matter of minutes.
In 2018, the United States accused Russia of violating the INF Treaty and withdrew from it unilaterally. The Americans’ claims related to the 9M729 land-based missile (SSC-8 in NATO classification), which directly violated the treaty.
In total, according to American data, Russia has about 100 such missiles, said Luke Griffith, a researcher at the RAND Corporation.
Moscow responded with accusations, stating that missile defense launchers in Romania and Poland could be used not only for anti-missiles, but also for strike purposes.
In September 2019, Putin sent the leaders of the countries of Europe and Asia, as well as the heads of international organizations, in which he called for a moratorium on the deployment of intermediate and shorter-range missiles in Europe.
But Putin’s false initiative was rejected. In November 2019, French President Emmanuel Macron announced the decision to reject Moscow’s idea at a press conference after talks with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg.
In June 2020, the idea of a moratorium was rejected by the White House special envoy for arms control Marshall Billingsley. Russia “destroyed the treaty” by creating, testing and deploying the banned SSC-8 (9M729) missile on its territory, while the United States “has abided by this treaty for over 30 years,” Billingsley told Kommersant.
He added that China has a large arsenal of medium-range missiles and is not bound by any restrictions. “I would not waste time thinking about a moratorium: to put it simply, there will be no moratorium,” Billingsley said.
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