UN: North-East Nigeria, 3 more countries on the verge of starvation in 6 months
Burkina Faso, northeastern Nigeria, South Sudan and Yemen are worrisome, but acute hunger is growing worldwide.
The world was warned of famine in a new report from two UN agencies, which contains a strong warning; In four countries, there are areas that could soon suffer from hunger if conditions “worsen even more in the coming months.” These are Burkina Faso in the Sahel region of West Africa, northeastern Nigeria, South Sudan and Yemen.
An early warning analysis of acute foci of food insecurity released today by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) describes a toxic combination of conflict and economic downturn. , extreme climatic conditions and the COVID-19 pandemic, which is pushing people further into extreme food insecurity.
Part of the population in the four hot spots of greatest concern already experiences critical hunger, and the report warns that escalating conflicts, as well as further declining humanitarian access, could put them at risk of hunger.
But these four countries are far from the only red flag on the world map, showing that levels of severe food insecurity are reaching new highs around the world, driven by a combination of factors, the report said. An additional 16 countries are at high risk of an increase in acute hunger.
The purpose of the Hot Spots report is to communicate urgent actions that can be taken now to avoid a serious emergency – or a series of emergencies – in three to six months. The development of the situation in the countries at greatest risk will depend on the dynamics of conflict, food prices and the myriad impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on their food systems, rainfall and harvests, humanitarian access and donor availability. we continue to fund humanitarian aid. operations.
“This report is a clear call for urgent action,” said Dominique Burjon, FAO’s Director of Emergencies and Resilience. “We are deeply concerned about the cumulative impact of multiple crises that undermine people’s ability to produce and access food, placing them at increased risk of extreme hunger. We need access to these populations to make sure they have food and the means to produce food and to improve their living conditions to prevent a worst-case scenario. ”
“We are at a catastrophic turn. Once again, we face the risk of hunger simultaneously in four different parts of the world. When we declare famine, it means that many lives have already been lost. If we wait to find out for sure, people are already dead, ”said Margo van der Velden, WFP’s emergency director.
“In 2011, there was a famine in Somalia that killed 260,000 people. A famine was declared in July, but by May most of the people had died. We cannot let this happen again. We have a clear choice; – urgent measures today or unjustified death of people tomorrow, ”he warned.
Negative trends across the board
Overall, the joint report states that a total of 20 countries and contexts are at “further risk of worsening acute food insecurity,” with key drivers of hunger including rising and intensifying violence, economic crises, exacerbated socioeconomic impacts of COVID-19. extreme weather conditions, cross-border threats such as desert locusts, and lack of access to humanitarian assistance.
It notes that, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, an estimated 22 million people are currently suffering from severe food insecurity, the highest ever recorded for an individual country. Burkina Faso recorded the largest increase, with the number of desperately hungry people nearly tripling since 2019 due to increased conflict, displacement and the impact of COVID on employment and access to food.
The situation is also dire in Yemen, where the current food insecurity, combined with conflicts and a deepening economic crisis, could further worsen an already dire food security situation.
Disaster / Famine is the most serious of the five phases used by the Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) system to track increasing levels of food insecurity. When this extreme phase is announced, it means that people have already started to starve. The hotspots report says that if urgent action is not taken, the world could face its first epidemic of hunger since it was last announced in parts of South Sudan in 2017.
This new report was developed by the Global Food Crisis Network (GNAFC), an alliance of humanitarian and development actors launched in 2016 by the European Union, FAO and WFP to tackle the root causes of food crises through analysis and knowledge. joint and enhanced coordination of evidence-based responses and collective efforts in all areas of humanitarian, development and peace.
Source: – Brandspurng